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WEPZA Historic Publications and Articles

Since its founding, WEPZA has contributed to the scholarship and advocacy of zones.  The following materials were developed in 2008 or earlier.  Other works are included in previous editions of the Journal.  All materials are copyright protected.  For current resources on zones, view the SEZ Knowledge Bank.

Presentations, Papers, and Essays

Outsourcing 102 - Essay by the late Richard Bolin, founder of WEPZA, on the advantages of outsourcing to EPZs for both outsourcing countries and host countries and their citizens. Published in 2008.

Developing Trade Capacity through Free Zones - Transcribed speech by Robert C. Haywood, former Director of WEPZA, on the importance of building trade capacity and how free zones help trade capacity.  Delivered in Casablanca, Morocco on December 3, 2003.

Maximising the Developmental Impact of EPZs:  A Comparative Perspective in the African Context of Needed Accelerated Growth - A presentation by Claude Baissac, former Director of WEPZA, at the Johannesburg EPZ Symposium, Oct. 15–16, 2003.

Economic Processing Zone Incentives and the WTO Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures - A presentation by Robert C. Haywood, former Director of WEPZA, and Maria Ouya for the WEPZA 20th International Conference in Taiwan on September 25, 2001.

Free Zones in the Modern World - A presentation by Robert C. Haywood for the CFATF Meeting in Aruba on October 18, 2000.

Economic Realities and Free Trade Zones - by Robert C. Haywood.

Overview of Globalization and the Impact of Free Zones - by Robert C. Haywood.

A Critique of Cost-Benefit Analysis in the Evaluation of Export Processing Zones -A paper by Claude Baissac, presented at the WEPZA Round Table on EPZs in Vienna on April 15, 1996.

Why Export Processing Zones are Necessary by Richard Bolin.


Blog posts by the late Richard Bolin.

"Corporate Strategists Beware" - Discussing potential considerations that may undermine the effectiveness of zones.

 "Behind the Wire," and the WEPZA Response - In April 1996, the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions published Behind the Wire, a report that challenged labor conditions in export processing zones and free trade zones.  WEPZA responded to this report in a separate statement.  312 paragraphs from Behind the Wire are presented here with WEPZA's response alongside.

Publications for Sale

A list of books and other resources available for sale.  To arrange payment and shipment, please contact us.

WEPZA in the Media

Online references to WEPZA since 1991 in the news, in scholarly works, and on websites.

WEPZA Newsletter Archive

A collection of WEPZA newsletters published in 2005.