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WEPZA Citations

“WEPZA is the only proven way to create jobs in the developing countries.”

–Peter Drucker, as quoted in WEPZANews, Wednesday, Nov. 17, 2005


WEPZA has been referenced numerous times in the news, in scholarly works, and on websites.  Here are some of the references since 1991:


Charles Arthur, "A tiny Irish Town and China's Rise to Superpower Status: the UNIDO Connection" United Nations Industrial Development Organization, News Centre (Mar. 2, 2017),


Tan Thuan Corporation, "About TTC" (Listing Tan Thuan as a WEPZA member since 1995) (Dec. 9, 2016),

Lynette Gitonga: A cataglog of global trade and investment issues from an African perspective, "EPZs and SEZs" (Dec. 2, 2016),

Abdul Shukoor KP, "Special Economic Zones and their Role and Impact on the International Business Environment" (November 25, 2016),

Claude Baissac, "Analyzing Africa's Free Zone Advances" Free Zone Watch (2016),

Malini L. Tantri, Special Economic Zones in India: Policy, Performance, and Prospects, Cambridge University Press (May 18, 2016),

Roberto de Souza Feitosa, "The Free Trade Zones in Brazil", Thompson Reuters, Tax & Accounting Blog (Feb. 18, 2016)

Dizayan Group, "Our Board of Management" (including bio of Kürşad Tüzmen, former Executive Board Member of WEPZA) (Aug. 8, 2016),

Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, "Conferencistas y Panelistas - II Congreso de Ciencias Económicas y Administrativas: “Las organizaciones competitivas del siglo XXI: Innovación, internacionalización y TIC" (providing the biography of Martín Gustavo Ibarra Pardo, a WEPZA member), (Spanish)


UNCTAD, Enhancing the Contribution of Export Processing zones to the Sustainable Development Goals: An analysis of 100 EPZs and a Framework for Sustainable Economic Zones (2015),

Galati Free Zone, "Free Zones and Grow Your Business?" (Oct. 21, 2015),

TRAFO: A Blog for Transregional Research, "Are There Connections Between Previous Free Port Practices and Current Special Economic Zones? The Case of Mumbai’s Ports" (Apr. 1 2015),

Patrick Neveling, "Free Trade Zones, Export Processing Zones, Special Economic Zones, and Global Imperial Formations 200 BCE to 2015 CE," in Ness, I. & Cope, Z. (eds.) The Palgrave Encyclopedia or Imperialism and Anti-Imperialism. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillian; 1007-16,

Jean-Marc Siroën & Ayçıl Yücer, "Trade Performance of Free Trade Zones" (Apr. 23, 2015),

Ivana Kostadinović & Mary Petrovic-Ranđelović, The role and importance of free zones in the economic development - the experience of the Republic of Serbia and the European Union, Economics, Vol 61, No. 4, p.97-108 (2015), (Croatian)

Biyografi, "Kürşad Tüzmen", (Turkish)

Laura A. Brunell, "Global Gender Regimes: Gender and IPE in the Global South" Gonzaga University (Mar. 20, 2015),

Malini L. Tantri, Fiscal Implications of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) Expansion in India: A Resource Cost Approach, Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Vol. 06, No. 01 (Feb. 2015),


Lotta Moberg & Vlad Tarko, Why no Chinese Miracle in Africa? Special Economic Zones and Liberalization Avalanches (2014),

Jorge F. Pérez-López, Investment Incentives of the ZED Mariel: Will Foreign Investors Take the Bait?, Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy (2014),

Keller Easterling, ExtraStateCraft: The Power of Infrastructure Space, Verso (2014),

Ganesh Rasagam & Douglas Zhihua Zeng, “Free Trade Zones:  Learning from Global Experiences,” Powerpoint presented at the AFDC FTZ Seminar, Shanghai, June 2014,

Africa Free Zone Association blog post on their second convention in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania:

GIZ, Inputs and Materials, Guidelines on How to Successfully Implement Special Economic Zones in Lao PDR,

Triyakshana Seshadri, Is the Path to Higher Exports in India Paved with Export Zones?, Journal of South Asian Development,

Research Paper on Special Economic Zones in Russia (in Russian),

List of Free Economic Zones in Russia provided by (in Russian)

Links for Foreign Trade Zone Resources by International DOT:

Biography of Robert Haywood, President of WEPZA:

Biography of Kürşad Tüzmen kimdir, WEPZA Director (in Turkish), of Kürşad Tüzmen kimdir, WEPZA Director, by En Son Haber(June 24, 2014) (in Turkish)

Biography of Kürşad Tüzmen, WEPZA Director, by the Turkish Breast Cancer Center in Mersin:

List of Links Related to Free Zones provided by the Sabac, Serbia Free Zone:

Biography of Kürşad Tüzmen kimdir, WEPZA Director (in Turkish):

Secretary General of WEPZA, Jean-Paul Gauthier Profile on Viadeo:

Investing in African Mining - INDABA, "Speaker Details: Claude Baissac" (Oct. 6, 2014),


Aldo Berlinguer, “The Policy Does Not Stop the Free Zone” (Sept. 4, 2013) (arguing for free zone status for Sardinia) (in Italian):

Labour Conditions in Export Processing Zones and the Role of the ILO:  Focus on Freedom of Association, PhD Thesis, UiO Faculty of Law, University of Oslo (Sept. 2013),

Gbenga Kuye, “Investment Opportunities and Challenges in Free Trade Zones in Nigeria,” Powerpoint Presented at the Oil & Gas Investment Forum, Onne, Nigeria (Oct. 24–25, 2013),

Obituary of Richard Bolin, founder of WEPZA, Boston Herald (July 12, 2013),

“Sardinia Free Zone, What do you think?” Post on the Sassari, Italy Meetup Group Message Board on (in Italian),

Bio of Oussama El Omari, Oussama El (a website for the Emirates International Free Zone),

Jean-Paul Gauthier de la Martinière, WEPZA Secretary General, Social Network Page for RSA Fellows,


Mary Jane Bolle & Brock R. Williams, U.S. Foreign-Trade Zones: Background and Issues for Congress, Congressional Research Service (Sept. 5, 2012),

Mary Jane Bolle & Brock R. Williams, U.S. Foreign-Trade Zones: Background and Issues for Congress, Congressional Research Service (Sept. 5, 2012),

Serbian Chamber of Commerce Report on Free Zones (in Serbian) (Feb. 2012):

Xavier Cirera & Rajith Lakshman, The Impact of Export Processing Zones on Employment and Labour Conditions in Developing Countries, 3ie Systematic Review 10,

Brazilian Association of Processing Zones, “Intensive Training on the Implementation, Management, and Promotion of Export Processing Zones” (Sept., 17–21, 2012),

Malini L. Tantri, Understanding the Fiscal Implications of SEZs in India:  An Exploration in Resource Cost Approach, Working Paper 288, Institute for Social and Economic Change (2012),

Yildirim Koç, Exploitation of Workers in Free Zones, Aydinlik Gazetesi (Sept. 3, 2012) (in Turkish),

Behind the Model Cities Memorandum of Understanding, Honduras Culture and Politics (Blog post discussing Bob Haywood’s involvement in MGK, a group proposing to build a special private zone in Honduras) (Sept. 29, 2012),

Enache Elena, Free Zones in Romania––Success or Failure?, Strategii Manageriale,

Coenrad Muller Scheepers, A Case Study for Special Economic Zones in South Africa as a Means of Attracting Foreign Direct Investment, Thesis, University of Pretoria (May 31, 2012),

“The History of Free Trade Zones Worldwide,” Slobodna (Website for Serbian Free Trade Zones)

Biography of Martin Gustavo Ibarra, member of WEPZA,

Biography of Biography of Kürşad Tüzmen kimdir, WEPZA Director (in Turkish),

Sri Wulandari, Special Economic Zones in Asia, Asia Monitor Resource Centre (Apr. 24, 2012),

Yildirim Koç, Exploitation of Workers in Free Zones, Aydinlik Gazetesi (Sept. 3, 2012) (Turkish),


The Pros and Cons of SEZs, Rakhine Thahaya Association (Yangon, Myanmar),

“EPZ- Export Processing Zones,” website content by the Women’s International League for Peace & Freedom,

Jean-Paul Gauthier, “SEZs and Regional Integration: Considerations for EAC Countries,” Powerpoint Presented at the AFZA Convention, Dar Es Salaam (2011),

Md. Mahmudul Alam, The Processes of Location Study for Developing Economic Zones Under Public Private Partnership Model:  Country Study on Bangladesh, 17(2) Journal of Economics and Business Research (2011),

Rong-Her Chiu, An Evaluation of Free Trade Port Zone in Taiwan, 27(3) The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics (2011),

Patrick M. Alderton, Reeds Sea Transport:  Operation and Economics (2011) (discussing freeports and zones),

Richard R. Reyes, Latin American Special Economic Zones and Their Impacts on Regional Security, Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School (June 2011)

Jean-Paul Gauthier, Claude Baissac, & Angelica Bertoli Lawson, “Lessons in SEZ Implementation: Stories from the Trenches,” Powerpoint Presented at the International Trade Department BBL, World Bank, Washington, DC (Mar. 14, 2011),

Message from WEPZA by Claude Baissac Posted to the WEPZA Organization Page on Linkedin:

Biography of Oussama El Omari on the “2011 Construction Week Power 100,” list, Construction Week

IBCCIM (Iranian-British Chamber of Commerce) “About Us”


Ishita Dey, The Emerging Scenario of Citizenship: Case of Special Economic Zones in India (2010).

Michael Hiroshi Oikawa, FTZ Development for Export-Oriented Industrialisation in Penang, Malaysia: The Role of Government in Supporting TNCs and Local SMEs (2010),

Money Laundering Vulnerabilities of Free Trade Zones, Financial Action Task Force Report (Mar. 2010),

Aradhna Aggarwal, Economic Impacts of SEZs:  Theoretical Approaches and Analysis of Newly Notified SEZs in India, Munich Personal RePEc Archive (Feb 2010)

TSP Gupta, Powerpoint Presentation on SEZs,

Anuprit Manatla Mitra, “Role of SEZs in Indian Economy”

Micaela Cappellini, L’impresa globale va a caccia de “Free Zone,”  (“Global Enterprises go hunting for Free Zones”) Il Sole 24 Ore (Sept. 6, 2010) (in Italian),

Comment Post on Micaela Cappellini, L’impresa globale va a caccia de “Free Zone,”  Il Sole 24 Ore (Sept. 6, 2010) (in Italian), 

PG Parovel, Le zone franche aumentano e prosperano in tutto il mondo, tranne che da noi… (“Free Zones Increase and Thrive in the World, Except by Us…”), La Voce di Trieste (Aug. 11, 2014) (in Italian)

University of Delhi Faculty Details Page for Aradhna Aggarwal:

California University – Silicon Valley Faculty Bio for Professor George Lee


Triyakshana Venkatraman, Is the Path to Higher Exports in India Paved with Export Zones?

David Stambrook, Canada/US Comparison of Foreign Trade Zone Related Programs & Policies, Virtuosity Consulting (Mar. 31, 2009)

“Free Trade Zones:  A Free-For-All?” A Post on the Money Laundering Bulletin of,

S.P. Agarwal & R. Dayal, Trade and Investment Promotion Policies in India, RETA, 

L. Lakshmanan, Evolution of Special Economic Zones and Some Issues:  The Indian Experience, The Reserve Bank of India (Sept. 22, 2009),

Tarun Dhingra, Tripti Singh, & Ambalika Sinha, Location Strategy for Competitiveness of Special Economic Zones :  A Generic Framework for India, Competitiveness Review,

Profile of Sultan Ahmed Bin Sulayem, WEPZA member:

Mayumi Murayama & Nobuko Yokota, Revisiting Labour and Gender Issues in Export Processing Zones:  Cases of South Korea, Bangladesh, and India, 44(22) Ecomonic and Political Weekly (May 30, 2009),

Michael Strong, Blog Post: Free Zones as an Additional Option for the Cambrian Explosion in Government, Let A Thousand Nations Bloom (Apr. 10, 2009),

Phan Thanh, Blog Post, “CT&D Group:  Growing with Vietnam,” Vietnam Business Forum (Aug. 21, 2009),

Export Processing Zones Authority of Pakistan: 2009–10 Budget:


The World Bank, Special Economic Zones: Performance, Lessons Learned, and Implications for Zone Development (Apr. 2008),

Mayumi Murayama & Nobuko Yokota, Revisiting Labour and Gender Issues in Export Processing Zones:  Cases of South Korea, Bangladesh, and India, 44(22) Economic and Political Weekly (May 30, 2009),

Tarun Dhingra, Tripti Singh, & Ambalika Sinha, Location Strategy for Competitiveness of Special Economic Zones:  A Generic Framework for India, Competitiveness Review,,%20Ambalika%20Sinha,%20Tripti%20Singh.pdf

Eda Kranakis, Moving Companies:  How U.S. Engineering Consulting Firms Created the Global Assembly Line, 1949–1969 Working Draft for INES Workshop (Oct. 2008),

The World Bank, Draft: The Spatial Growth of Metropolitan Cities in China:  Issues and Options in Urban Land Use (Mar. 11, 2008),

Peter Gibbon, Sam Jones, & Lotte Thomsen, An Assessment of the Impact of Export Processing Zones and an Identification of Appropriate Measures to Support Their Development, Danish Institute for International Studies (Apr. 2008),

Biljana Predić, Sergej Kuprijanov, Svetlana Shevtsova, Strategy of Increasing Regions Competitiveness by means of Free Economic Zone, 5(2) Economics and Organization (2008),

“News” Free Zone Pirot,

Link no longer working:

Elias B. Sayah, Mahadeo S. Randive, & Gajanan M. Sabnis, The Effects of Unskilled Labor on the Quality of Concrete Construction, Conference Paper for the 33rd Conference on Our World in Concrete & Structures, Aug. 25–27, 2008, Singapore,

“Export Processing Zones,” website content by the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom,

More Companies Register to Operate from RAK Free Zones, Emirates News Agency (July 29, 2008),


Nicolas Papadoupoulos and Shavin Malhotra, Export Processing Zones in Development and International Marketing: An Integrative Review and Research Agenda, Journal of Macromarketing Vol. 27 No. 2 (June 2007).

Kenya Export Processing Zones Authority, 2007 Report

Robert Haywood & Michael Strong, Creating Institutional Software that Works in Iraq: Pease through Secure Land title, Flow.

Explorer's Foundation: 

Study of EPZs (in Ukrainian):

Gladys Wanjiru Mwariri, Impact of International Trade and Investment Policies on the Labour Rights of Export Processing Zones’ Workers:  The Case of Kenya, Dissertation, University of Pretoria (Oct. 29, 2007),

Various Turkish Free Zones Are Introduced to the RAK FTZ’s Best Practices, Zawya (Oct. 24, 2007),

Djibouti Officials Discusses Cooperation with RAK Free Trade Zone, Somaliland times, (Aug. 23, 2007),

Spreading Peace and Prosperity through Zones of Prosperity and Success-Sharing Zones, Flow,

Congratulations to the American People, (describing the development of the Ras Al Khaimah Free Trade Zone),

World Economic Processing Zones Association to Convene in Antalya, Turkish Weekly (Mar. 19, 2007),

Djibouti Officials Discusses Cooperation with RAK Free Trade Zone, Hiiraan Online, (Aug. 23, 2007),

Bepza Elected VP of World EPZ Assoc., The Daily Star (May 4, 2007),

Tüzmen Credits Free Trade Zones as Economic Training Grounds, Today’s Zaman (Apr. 20, 2007),

RAK Free Trade Zone Participates in WEPZA 2007, WAM Emirates News Agency (Apr. 20, 2007),

Representatives of World Free Zones to Meet, Turkish Airlines Skylife Magazine (discussing the 2007 WEPZA conference),

RAK Free Trade Zone CEO Takes Seat as WEPZA Secretary General, AME Info (May 9, 2007),

Dubai Dreams Sultan Bin Sulayem (Youtube video posted by the UAE government on Dubai’s development)

OECD, Export Processing Zones: Past and Future Role in Trade and Development, Working Party of the Trade Committee (Mar, 27-28, 2007).

Free Zones of the World Meet in Antalya, Turkish Embassy in Beirut (Mar. 9, 2007),

Announcement on the WEPZA 2007 Conference in Antalya (in Turkish):

State Minister Tuzmen of Antalya to attend the 2007 WEPZA conference (in Turkish):

Announcement of the 2007 WEPZA conference by the Turkish-British Chamber of Commerce:


Juha Hintsa, (Cross-Border Research Association) Future Research Agenda for Supply Chain Security, Border Security, and Port Security Management, Powerpoint presentation for the WCO Research Conference in Brussels, Mar. 1–3 (listing WEPZA as a partner organization of the Cross-Border Research Association),

Dula Borozan & Željko Klepo, Free Zone–The Source of Socio-Economic Benefits, Interdisciplinary Management Research III (Sept. 25–27, 2006),

Viktorija Raņķevica, Free Economic Zones in Latvia and Their Regional Impact (Jelgava 2006)

Yú Guang Yá, Export Processing Zones and Economic Development, p.196–202  (discussing the history of WEPZA),

Metri F. Mdanat, The Fiscal and Economic Impact of Qualifying Industrial Zones:  The Case of Jordan, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Fakultät für Wirtschaftswissenschaften (Dec. 20, 2006),

Free Trade Works (blog maintained by Bob Haywood):

Profile of Sultan Ahmed Bin Sulayem, member of WEPZA:


UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Free Trade Zone and Port Hinterland Development (book discussing WEPZA’s reports),

Aradhna Aggarwal, Performance of Export Processing Zones:  A Comparative Analysis of India, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (Mar. 2005),


“Sardinia Free Zone, What do you think?” Post on the Sassari, Italy Meetup Group Message Board on (in Italian),


Aradhna Aggarwal, Performance of Export Processing Zones:  A Comparative Analysis of India, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (Mar. 2005),

Simon M. Kariuki, Improving Export Processing Zone Employer-Employee Labour Relations in Southern Africa, 34(4) Africa Insight 54 (2004),

Comment thread on Export Processing Zones on the Cyburbia forum:

Benjamin J. Richardson, “Is East Asia Industrializing Too Quickly?”  Environmental Regulation in its Special Economic Zones, 22(1) UCLA Pacific Basin Law Journal 150 (2004).

Simon Mwangi Kariuki, An Investigation of the Effect of Labour Law Concessions on Stakeholders in Kenyan Garment Export Processing Zones, Thesis, University of Zululand Dept. of Business Management,;jsessionid=EBE88C5E45914B582DCDEF2F47EEBB21?sequence=3

Marilena Doncean, Zona Economica Libera (book covering free zones (in Romanian),

Listing Bob Haywood, WEPZA Director, as a 2004 Expert Panelist for the Cross Border Consortium:

World Free Zones Convention, 2004 (Robert Haywood and Richard Bolin spoke):


Study discussing the development of Free Zones (in Turkish):

Current Status of SEZs in India and Abroad,” Report by the New Okhla Industrial Development Authority.

Dr. Divina Edralin, Assessing the Situation of Women Working in the Calabarzon, De La Salle University CBE Working Paper Series (2001–03).

Guy Martin Rich, The Development of a Strategic Management Model for Industrial Development Zones to Attract Greenfield Foreign Direct Investments, Port Elizabeth Technikon, Faculty of Management (2003).

Tüzmen to Leave the WEPZA Presidency, Hürriyet (in Turkish) (Aug. 28, 2003),

WEPZA Will Gather in Istanbul, NTVMSNBC(in Turkish) (Oct. 12, 2003),

WEPZA: Invest in Turkey, Yeni Safak (reporting on Bob Haywood’s speech at the 2003 WEPZA conference in Istanbul, in Turkish)

WEPZA representatives attended the January 12–15 International Exhibition & Conference on Free Zones and Technology Parks in Dubai:


Expo on Free Trade Zones to Open on Sept. 30, The Economic Times (Sept. 20, 2002),

World Free Zones Convention, 2002 (Robert Haywood and Richard Bolin spoke and WEPZA's Annual General Meeting was held):

A.S. Bologa & M. Seceleanu, A Promising Example of Free Economic Zone Development in East Europe:  The Free Zone Administration of Constantza South & Basarabi / Romania, 34 INCDM 331 (2002),

Divina M. Edralin, Assessing the Situation of Women Working in Calabarzon, Philippine APEC Study Center Network, Research Paper Series No. 2002–08,

Solnechnogorsk-Sheremetievo Development Company of the Free Economic Zones Admitted to WEPZA:


World Free Zone Convention, 2001 (Secretary-General Robert Haywood spoke on behalf of WEPZA):

Export Processing Zones in Namibia:  Taking a Closer Look, Labour Resource and Research Institute of Namibia (Mar. 2000)

Euro Slide Hitting Turkish Exporters, Albawaba (Sept. 27, 2000) (mentioning that Kursat Tuzmen is in Taiwan heading the 20th annual WEPZA conference),

Dorsati Madani, A Review of the Role and Impact of Export Processing Zones, The World Bank Development Research Group (1999), (1999)

“National Framework for Globalization,” ILO International Training (discussing Special Economic Zones), (1999)

“Free Economic Zones in and Around the World” (webpage content on SEZs by Tovio Mängel & Kai Priks (in Estonian)) (May 17, 1999),

Investors Will Have the Option of Five Free Trade Zones, Report by The Washington Times Advertising Department (discussing Ecuador FTZs), (1999)

Francis Snyder, Globalisation and Euopeanisation as Friends and Rivals:  European Union Law in Global Economic Networks, EUI Working Paper Law No. 99/8 (1999).

Export Processing Zones Growing Steadily, ILO (Sept. 28, 1998), (1998)

“National Framework for Globalization,” ILO Bureau for Workers’ Activities (discussing SEZs). (1998)

Spatial Development Initiatives and Industrial Development Zones in the Eastern Cape, Report by the Eastern Cape Socio-Economic Consultative Council (1997), (1997)

Turkish Occupied area of Northern Cyprus Listed in the WEPZA General Almanac as the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus,” (1997)

Funmi Adewumi, Labour Relations in the Export Processing Zone:  Challenges for Organized Labour (1997), (1997)

Famagusta Free Port and Zone:

Andreas Exenberger, Money-Machines or Bloodsuckers? The Relevance of Export Processing Zones in the Developmental Process (1997), (1997)

“Export Processing Zones,” website content for Wofford College, Department of Intercultural Studies, (1997)

Free Trade Zones in Turkey, (1995)

Abdulrahman Ibrahim Al-Sanie, The Adoption of the Marketing Concept in the Operations of Free Trade Zones:  A Comparative Global Study, Thesis, University of Sheffield, School of Management (Dec. 1991), (1991)